U.S. Intelligence Community

Title:                  U.S. Intelligence Community

Author:             Jeffrey T. Richelson

Richelson, Jeffrey T. (2016). The U.S. Intelligence Community (7th ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press

LCCN:    2015005759

JK468.I6 R53 2015


  • “The role of intelligence in U.S. government operations has changed dramatically and is now more critical than ever to domestic security and foreign policy. This authoritative and highly researched book written by Jeffrey T. Richelson provides a detailed overview of America’s vast intelligence empire, from its organizations and operations to its management structure. Drawing from a multitude of sources, including hundreds of official documents, The U.S. Intelligence Community allows students to understand the full scope of intelligence organizations and activities, and gives valuable support to policymakers and military operations. The seventh edition has been fully revised and updated to include revamped chapters on signals intelligence and cyber collection, geospatial intelligence, and open sources and exploitation. The inclusion of more maps, tables and photos makes it an even more valuable and engaging resource for students. In addition, a new web site provides access to the documents referenced in the book and suggestions for supplementary case studies”– Provided by publisher.


  • Machine generated contents note: TABLE OF CONTENTS — List of Illustrations — Preface — Acknowledgments — Chapter 1: INTELLIGENCE — Intelligence Activities — The Intelligence Cycle — Varieties of Finished Intelligence — Targets — The Utility of Intelligence — The Intelligence Community — Notes — Chapter 2: NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATIONS — Central Intelligence Agency — National Security Agency — Special Collection Service — National Reconnaissance Office — National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency — National Underwater Reconnaissance Office — Notes — Chapter 3: DEFENSE DEPARTMENT INTELLIGENCE — History and Current Charter — Overview — Directorate for Operations — Directorate for Science and Technology — Directorate for Analysis — Regional Centers — Directorate for Intelligence, J2 — National Media Exploitation Center — Chapter 4: MILITARY SERVICE INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATIONS — Army Intelligence Organizations — Navy Intelligence Organizations — Air Force Intelligence Organizations — Marine Corps Intelligence Organizations — Coast Guard Intelligence Organizations — Notes — Chapter 5: CIVILIAN INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATIONS — Department of State Intelligence — Department of Energy Intelligence — Department of Treasury Intelligence — Department of Homeland Security Intelligence — Federal Bureau of Investigation — Drug Enforcement Administration Intelligence — Notes — Chapter 6: UNIFIED COMMAND INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATIONS — Africa Command — Central Command — European Command — Northern Command — Pacific Command — Southern Command — U.S. Special Operations Command — Strategic Command — Transportation Command — Notes — Chapter 7: GEOSPATIAL INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION, PROCESSING, EXPLOITATION, AND DISSEMINATION — Collection — Processing and Exploitation — Dissemination — Notes — Chapter 8: SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE AND CYBER COLLECTION — Targets — Space Collection — Airborne Collection — Ground-Based Remote Collection — Embassy and Consular Intercept Sites — Clandestine SIGINT — RAMPART, MUSCULAR, and PRISM — Surface Ships — Underseas Collection — Notes — Chapter 9: MEASUREMENT AND SIGNATURE INTELLIGENCE — Space Collection — Airborne Collection — Ground Collection — Seaborne Collection — Underseas Collection — Notes — Chapter 10: SPACE SURVEILLANCE — Dedicated SSN Sensors — Collateral SSN Sensors — Contributing SSN Sensors — Additional Space Surveillance Capabilities — Notes — Chapter 11: HUMAN INTELLIGENCE — Officers and Diplomats — Agents and Assets — Defectors and Emigre;s — Detainees and POWs — Travelers — Notes — Chapter 12: OPEN SOURCES, SITE EXPLOITATION, AND FOREIGN MATERIEL ACQUISITION — Open Sources — Site Exploitation — Foreign Materiel Acquisition — Notes — Chapter 13: COOPERATION WITH FOREIGN SERVICES — Geospatial Intelligence Cooperation — Signals Intelligence Cooperation — Measurement and Signature Intelligence Cooperation — Space Surveillance Cooperation — Human Intelligence Cooperation — Open Source Intelligence Cooperation — Counterterrorism Cooperation — Counternarcotics Cooperation — Analysis and Data Exchange — Notes — Chapter 14: ANALYSIS — Analysts — Analytical Techniques — Current Intelligence — Warning Intelligence — Estimates — Reports and Studies — Leadership Profiles — Reference Documents and Databases — Domestic Intelligence Analysis — Notes — Chapter 15: COUNTERINTELLIGENCE — The Foreign Intelligence Threat — Investigations — Collection — Evaluation of Defectors and Agents — Research, Analysis & Production — Disruption and Neutralization — CI Functional Services — Notes — Chapter 16: COVERT ACTION — Afghanistan — GREYSTONE — Iran — Libya — Pakistan — Somalia — Syria — Yemen — Notes — Chapter 17: MANAGING NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE — The President, the National Security Council, and the PIAB — The Director of National Intelligence & Deputies — Committees, Boards, and Councils — Intelligence Community Directives — National Intelligence Program — National Intelligence Management Council — National Intelligence Council — National Counterterrorism Center — National Counterproliferation Center — Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive — Notes — Chapter 18: MANAGING DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE — The USD (I) — Military Intelligence Program — The MIB and DISTC — Defense Warning Council — Defense Open Source Council — JCS Reconnaissance Operations Division — Defense Intelligence Officers — DOD & Service Directives and Instructions — Notes — Chapter 19: MANAGING INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION, COVERT ACTION, AND INFORMATION ACCESS — Managing Satellite Imaging — Managing SIGINT — Managing HUMINT — Managing Covert Action — Managing Information Access — Notes — Chapter 20: ISSUES — Spying All Over the World — Fighting Terror — Bulk Collection — Secrecy and Leaks — Congressional Oversight — Parting Comments — Notes — Back Matter — Acronyms and Abbreviations — Index.


Date Updated:  November 3, 2015

In 1977, Tyrus G. Fain compiled and edited The Intelligence Community, a book of 1,036 pages.[1] It contained a collection of contemporary documents having to do with foreign intelligence and associated organizations, with an introduction by Senator Frank Church. While it was a useful resource at the time, it was soon out of date.

It was not until 1985, with the publication of the first edition of Jeffery Richelson’s The US Intelliqence Community—with 358 pages—that more up-to-date material was available. The current edition reflects many recent changes in the community and is the best single book on the subject. The content of each edition includes descriptions and organization charts of the member agencies introduced by essays describing their historical background and functions they now perform.

Unlike the Fain book, however, there are no transcripts of congressional testimony or reports. In fact, the subject of oversight is not included. There are three chapters on managing the community.

As might be expected, some changes are not included, even in this edition. For example, the definition of counterintelligence given in Executive Order 12333 (1981) does not reflect the three amended versions, but the current version is available on the web[2]. One other area not included is the US Cyber Command, though the topics of cyber threat and warfare are mentioned. Since this edition is not available in the Kindle format, perhaps these updates will appear there before the 7th edition is published.

But for anyone wishing to get a sound overall grasp of the Intelligence Community today, this is by far the best place to start. Itis thoroughly documented, well written, and generally comprehensive.

The following is a review of the 6th edition [LCCN: 2011016559]

This 603 page paperback 6th edition provides and updated, comprehensive, and detailed overview of the U .S. Intelligence Community (USIC), its organizations, operations, and management structure. This is the “plumbing and wiring diagram” of the USIC. Despite the occasional error or gap, inevitable in a work that attempts to cover such a large, sprawling and constantly changing enterprise, this is a very useful one volume overview of the 16 agencies and ODNI (Office of the Director of National Intelligence) that make up the USIC and of the craft of intelligence, from a U.S. perspective. Some of the most recent changes to the ODNI, and, inter alia, the late 2011 declassification and release of USIC budget figures did not, understandably, make it to this latest edition. A massive work, densely packed with facts, figures, details, codewords, operations, etc. It is probably not a good bedtime read, but it is certainly a very useful reference work. This is one of several “intelligence textbooks” recommended by Dan Mulvenna, in his “The Intelligence Officer’s Bookshelf: An annotated bibliography,” compiled by Dan Mulvenna (updated December, 2011)

[1] Fain, Tyrus G. (1977). The Intelligence Community: History, Organization, And Issues, compiled and edited by Tyrus G. Fain, in collaboration with Katharine C. Plant and Ross Milloy ; with an introd. by Frank Church

[2] See www.ncsc.gov/publications/policy/docs/EO_12333.pdf (downloaded November 3, 2015)


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3 Responses to U.S. Intelligence Community

  1. Pingback: Intelligence from Secrets to Policy | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  2. Pingback: The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

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