The First Directorate

Title:                  The First Directorate

Author:                 Oleg Kalugin

Kalugin, Oleg (1994). The First Directorate: My 32 Years In Intelligence And Espionage Against The West. New York: St. Martin’s Press

LCCN:    94012912

DK275.K34 A3 1994


Date Updated:  June 6, 2015

I had the good fortune to be in classes taught by Nigel West while travelling on the Queen Mary II in 2010. One of Nigel’s handouts provided a list of books  by large-scale subject material. It also includes a bibliography of West’s books as of 2010. This book is one item in the section, VENONA.

During 32 years with the KGB, Oleg Kalugin enjoyed one of the most meteoric and illustrious careers in the history of the Soviet spy agency. This book is his personal account of a life in espionage. He orchestrated a brazen attempt to bug the House Armed Services Committee. As chief of KGB Foreign Counter-intelligence, he helped rehabilitate the famous, broken-down British agent Kim Philby. He worked intimately with the men who ran the KGB, from the Cold Warrior and future Soviet leader Yuri Andropov, to the devious Vladimir Kryuchkov, the chief plotter in the failed 1991 Soviet coup.

David Barnett[1], formerly a CIA case officer assigned to Indonesia who had spent three years in Jakarta, resigned in 1970 to go into a local business, which subsequently had failed, leaving him with debts of $100,000. Barnett offered to supply the KGB with information concerning a clandestine operation code-named HA/BRINK, that had focused on the acquisition of examples of Soviet military hardware sold to the Indonesians, including an SA-2 guidance system, designs for the Whiskey-class submarine, a destroyer, a cruiser, and the TU-16 Badger twin-engine bomber. He had supplied this information between 1976 and 1977, together with the identities of 30 CIA officers for a total of $92,000.

On instructions from his KGB handlers, which included Oleg Kalugin, Barnett applied for staff positions on the Senate and House intelligence committees and the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board but was unsuccessful in finding a job. In January 1979, however, he was rehired by the CIA as a contract agent and if undetected, he could have gone on to betray further CIA secrets.In 1979 Barnett was identified as a spy by one of his KGB handlers, Col. Vladimir M. Piguzov, code-named GT/JOGGER. Later in the year however, Barnett was identified as a spy thanks to information given by a KGB officer stationed in Jakarta, Col. Vladimir M. Piguzov, who had been recruited as double agent by the CIA. Ironically, Piguzov himself was betrayed by Aldrich Ames in 1985 and subsequently executed. In April, 1980 Barnett was spotted meeting KG B officers in Vienna. He was questioned by the FBI upon his return to the US. In October 1980 Barnett pleaded guilty to espionage charges, admitting that he had sold CIA secrets to the Soviets. He was sentenced to 18 years’ imprisonment and was paroled in 1990.

Barnett was questioned by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and resigned from his CIA job. In October 1980 Barnett pleaded guilty to espionage charges, admitting that he had sold CIA secrets to the Soviets. He was sentenced to 18 years’ imprisonment and was paroled in 1990. He died on November 19, 1993.

[1] West, Nigel (2006). Historical Dictionary of International Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, p. 22

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4 Responses to The First Directorate

  1. Pingback: The Great Detective | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  2. Pingback: Spymaster | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  3. Pingback: KGB: The Inside Story | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  4. Daryl Christian says:

    Does anyone know what David Barnet died from?

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