The U.S. Intelligence Community (Kirkpatrick)

Title:                      The U.S. Intelligence Community

Author:                 Lyman B. Kirkpatrick, Jr.

Kirkpatrick, Lyman B. (1973). The U.S. Intelligence Community: Foreign Policy And Domestic Activities. New York, Hill and Wang

LCCN:    73075184

JK468.I6 K53 1973


Date Updated:  November 3, 2015

The following are reviews of the 1973 edition

Reviewed by George C. Constantinides[1]

Kirkpatrick describes the function of the intelligence community and the role of intelligence in policy formulation prior to 1965, the date of his retirement from CIA. Though this work is dated, it is one of the few dealing with the subject by a knowledgeable author. Blackstock and Schaf[2] found its evaluation of the role of intelligence in policymaking good. But they found disappointing the author’s views on the role of intelligence in society and on what controls Congress should have. Likewise disappointing to them was his treatment of the domestic activities of various intelligence organizations.

This is a review by the Defense Intelligence School.[3]

A description of the roles, functions, and organization of the U.S. Intelligence Community, prior to Prof. Kirkpatrick’s retirement from CIA in 1965. The book is the best available for that period, but does not reflect the many changes in the Community since that date. Nevertheless, it is recommended reading.

Reviewed by Paul W. Blackstock and Frank L. Schaf[4]

A valuable contribution to the history and development of the U.S. intelligence community, including the CIA, FBI, Defense Intelligence Agency, Atomic Energy Commission, Department of State, Treasury, and the intelligence organizations of the military services. The author also relates intelligence to policy formulation and contrasts the Cuban missile crisis, as an example where the intelligence community and decision makers worked well together, to the Vietnam War where they did not. The author lists many of the criticisms of the domestic role of the CIA that have appeared in the press. He does not list any that have subsequently been brought to light during congressional investigations, although he must have been aware of them when he was executive director of the CIA. His evaluation of the role of intelligence in policy making is good; his evaluation of the role of intelligence in a free society, the controls Congress should have, and the domestic activities of intelligence organizations is disappointing.

[1] Constantinides, George C. (1983). Intelligence and Espionage: An Analytical Bibliography. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, pp. 273-274

[2] Blackstock, Paul W.(1978) and Schaf, Frank L. Jr. Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co

[3] Defense Intelligence School (1981). Bibliography of Intelligence Literature: A Critical And Annotated Bibliography of Open-Source Literature (7th ed, rev.). Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence School, p. 38

[4] Blackstock, Paul W. (1978) and Frank L. Schaf, Jr. Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co., p. 34


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4 Responses to The U.S. Intelligence Community (Kirkpatrick)

  1. Pingback: Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage And Covert Operations | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  2. Pingback: Utilization of Intelligence chapter 5 | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  3. Pingback: Covert Operations, Part IV | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

  4. Pingback: Blackstock Selected Bibliography of Fifty Titles | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

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