Author: Elias Carter Townsend
Townsend, Elias Carter (1955). Risks: The .Key to Combat Intelligence. Harrisburg, PA: The Military -Service Publishing Co
Date Updated: February 24, 2016
This is a review by the Defense Intelligence School.
An analysis of combat intelligence and its relationship to the command and to the commander, presented within the context of “risk” theory and including interesting comments on capabilities, intentions and predictions.
Reviewed by Paul W. Blackstock and Frank L. Schaf
This short commonsensical text is a critical analysis of army combat intelligence doctrine of the mid-1950s and its relationship to the combat commander. Colonel Townsend, an instructor and intelligence specialist, makes a strong case for revision of the combat intelligence system to eliminate estimates or opinions of enemy intentions, Instead, Townsend would emphasize the speedy determination and factual presentation of the two major elements of combat intelligence—enemy location and strength.
 Defense Intelligence School (1981). Bibliography of Intelligence Literature: A Critical And Annotated Bibliography of Open-Source Literature (7th ed, rev.). Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence School, p. 61
 Blackstock, Paul W. (1978) and Frank L. Schaf, Jr. Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co., p. 69