Title: Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations, Part I
Author: Paul W. Blackstock
Blackstock, Paul W. (1978) and Frank L. Schaf, Jr. Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co.,
Date Updated: April 15, 2016
Part I GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHIC RESOURCES
Due to the confusion of terms, books and articles on intelligence, espionage, and covert operations are listed under a wide variety of headings in the subject index of the U.S. Library of Congress and in the corresponding catalogs of other libraries. However, there are two comprehensive bibliographies which may be consulted to identify books on these subjects. Each of these bibliographies has an extended critique of the literature. In addition there are certain specialized bibliographies which are useful to the person interested in researching a specific aspect of intelligence, espionage, or covert operations. These comprehensive and specialized bibliographies are cited in the following pages.
Chapter 1. Comprehensive Bibliographies
Chapter 2. Selective Bibliographies
As a result of the interest in intelligence stimulated by World War II, three bibliographies on intelligence and espionage were prepared by U.S. agencies. A fourth bibliography was authored by Joseph S. Galland. All suffer from being out of date. Additionally, the majority of the items in the three government bibliographies are mainly personal memoirs by individual espionage or counterespionage agents, and illustrate the limitations for serious study of all such works.
Chapter 3 Encyclopedia Articles
The concept of covert operations is so new that there are no encyclopedia articles on the subject in spite of the fact that the United States and Great Britain developed special agencies (the American Office of Strategic Services and the British Special Operations Executive) to COIT}’ out such operations during World War II.
The first encyclopedia article on espionage appears in Diderot’s classic Encyclopedie (Paris, 1751, V, 971) under the rubric espion. The spy is defined as “a person paid to examine the actions, movements, etc. of another, and especially to discover the state of military affairs.” This brief article also contains the famous observation that “an ambassador is sometimes a distinguished spy who is protected by the law of nations.”
Most encyclopedia articles on either espionage or intelligence reflect the fact that intelligence agencies regard any disclosure of sources or methods as a breach of security. Hence the articles tend to be historical summaries rather than substantive or analytical treatments of either espionage or intelligence. With a few recent exceptions most articles also omit consideration of modern scientific and technological advances such as technical sensors, which have produced important new means of collecting information. Representative articles are annotated be low.