Title: World History of Espionage
Author: Janusz Piekalkiewicz
Piekałkiewicz, Janusz (1988). World History of Espionage : Agents, Systems, Operations. Washington, DC: National Intelligence Book Center
- German ed. published: Munich: Südwest Verlag, c1988.
- Original title (in German) Weltgeschichte der Spionage.
- Preface by Richard Meier; translated by William H. Henhoeffer and Gerald L. Liebenau.
Date Posted: November 4, 2016
Janusz Piekałkiewicz (1925 in Warsaw –March 9, 1988) was a Polish underground soldier, historian, writer, as well as a television and cinema director and producer. He was a world-renowned author on many aspects of World War II history; over 30 of his books have been printed, most of them in German, and later translated to other languages. He also wrote from his experiences during the war and specialized in detailing operations within the secret services. A unique characteristic of many of his books is that chapters contain two parts. Firstly, he describes details and contemporary quoted sources and then, in the second part, he provides analysis and his own commentaries to those events. According to critics, this results in a very objective presentation of the material. In addition to his well-known history books, he also wrote books about treasure hunting.
Piekałkiewicz was born in Warsaw, Poland. His uncle was professor Jan Piekałkiewicz, a leader of the Polish resistance, who was murdered by the Gestapo in 1943. At age seventeen, Janusz joined the Armia Krajowa (the Home Army), later participated in the Warsaw Uprising, and spent the remainder of the war in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. After graduating from high school in 1946, he began studies at the National Film School in Łódź, in the Film Production Department. He also studied contemporary history. After three years, he was barred from continuing studies, because he was a dissident and did not subscribe to the official views of the government. Barring further studies because of this was also known as for political reasons. He then worked as an assistant producer and wrote screenplays for popular science films–which also did not have a chance to be made because of political reasons. His passion was the Tatra mountains, therefore, he moved to Zakopane and worked as a mountaineering guide.
Deciding to emigrate from Poland in 1956, he escaped his homeland by tracing the route used by underground resistance couriers during World War II through the Tatra Mountains. He arrived in Hungary in time for the Revolution of 1956 and became actively involved. After Soviet armed forces crushed the rebellion, he fled to Austria and was briefly detained. He worked as a laborer on road construction. Later, Piekalkiewicz became a broadcast reporter in Vienna. He then worked in Paris, London, and Germany as a television producer, as well as a writer and director for films.
His 26-episode television serial, “Secret Agents, Spies, and Saboteurs – Famous Undercover Missions of World War II” (Szpiedzy, agenci, żołnierze – tajne jednostki okresu II wojny światowej”), earned first-place (Golden Nymph) at the IX International Festival de Télévision de Monte-Carlo in 1969. This series was distinguished by its accuracy, objectiveness, as well as its serious and thoughtful delivery. He finally received the award after eleven years. His book of the same title is described as “one of the most interesting and comprehensive spy books done on WWII”. In June 1964, he presented “Polnische Passion” (Polish Passion – International and English title) as a documentary film at the 1964 Berlin International Film Festival. His lifelong dreams included writing from a fresh start about recent history, as well as to make a documentary film about World War II.
It was only after 1990, and the collapse of the communist government in Poland that his books were translated from German into Polish and finally published in his homeland. In 1997, Film Studio Wir shot a documentary film about him.