The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence

Title:                     The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence

Author:                 Victor Marchetti

Marchetti, Victor (1990) and John D. Marks. The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence. New York: Knopf

LCCN:    74004995

JK468.I6 M37 1974

Subjects

Date Updated:  February 2, 2017

Reviewed by George C. Constantinides[1]

One of the most important books on intelligence to appear since the end of World War II due to its legal, political, and imitative consequences. The authors held respectable positions in intelligence—Marchetti was executive assistant to the deputy director of central intelligence, and Marks was the staff assistant to the State Department’s director of intelligence and research. Their disenchantment with U.S. intelligence policies and practices, which resulted in this book, also resulted in lengthy legal procedures and maneuvers, described in the introduction from the point of view of the American Civil Liberties Union. CIA’s version of its legal position and rationale for proceeding against the book are in Colby’s Honorable Men[2]; Thomas Powers’ The Man Who Kept the Secrets[3] gives another account of CIA actions and reasons for concern. Powers includes items he says were deleted from Marchetti and Marks’ s book, deletions upheld by the court.

Colby’s book contains a very important revelation that must be kept in mind in reading this book. CIA policy, as laid down by him as director, was that there was to be no objection to any opinions of the authors in the book and that mistakes were similarly not to be objected to since what was not true could not be considered classified. The form in which the work finally appeared, with blank sections to show where deletions had been enforced, might lead the reader to assume that everything else in the book is correct. There is the additional hazard, where fact and opinion are mixed, of the reader’s not identifying the latter as such. DIS’s Bibliography [See below] makes a comment perhaps representative of the national security establishment’s evaluation of the book: that it is an uneven work whose polemics tend to throw out of balance any of the authoritative material it contains. Nevertheless, the amount of accurate material that is divulged is enormous and transcends covert-action activities which trouble the authors most. A new edition appeared in 1980 containing some twenty-five passages previously deleted but now permitted as a result of a freedom of information decision. The appendix contains the 1968 off-the-record remarks on covert action given by Richard Bissell, the former chief of CIA’ s Clandestine Services and U-2 program.

This is a review by the Defense Intelligence School.[4]

Marchetti’s fourteen year service in CIA included the position of executive assistant to the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence. Marks spent four years in State Department intelligence, including service as staff assistant to the Director of Intelligence and Research. As a result of its security review of the manuscript, CIA deleted more than 160 items involving unauthorized disclosure of classified information. The CIA position was sustained in the subsequent litigation. CIA considered an additional large number of items for deletion, but determined that they could be published; these now appear in bold face type in the text. The book is marked by its heavy attacks on CIA’s Clandestine Services in general, and covert action operations in particular. It also contains lengthy pleas for tight legislative control of CIA, and attacks the necessity for secrecy in much that CIA does. It is an uneven book whose polemics tend to unbalance what valid material it may contain. By failing to delete any criticism of the Agency or other material which the book contains, it is not meant to imply any endorsements by CIA of its contents or accuracy.

For much of the material in this essay see William Blum’s official website.[5]

The U. S. government tried desperately to suppress this book on a legal (violation of employment contract) technicality, an obvious attempt to skirt the First Amendment issue. Despite numerous court ordered DELETED passages, one gets the point, although some of what’s left (and there’s a great deal) will not necessarily come as fresh revelations to CIA watchers: the U-2, the Pueblo, the The Pentagon Papers, The Penkovsky Papers, the Bay of Pigs—if it all sounds familiar, that’s the horror of it.

The authors, both former intelligence specialists, raise intriguing new questions on such things as the publication of Khushchev Remembers, the killing of Che, his fellow revolutionary Tania (Patricia Hearst’s model) whom they label as a double agent (problematical in light of other evidence, along with the theories here regarding the role of Bolivian Minister Arguedas).

The authors are adamant that the business of the CIA is dirty and hypocrisy, with violence and deceit its standard MO. What’s most valuable and instructive—and undoubtedly why the government wanted to suppress the book—are the disclosures on the CIA structure, its proprietary corporations, its powerful Clandestine Services and how, because the CIA is now virtually the President’s private organization.

What distressed Kennedy most about the Cuban invasion was not that it was wrong but that it failed. The CIA is (partially) exempt from review by either the Congress or the electorate. How is the public to look to a Congress that spends all of its time looking the other way? The KGB—which, according to the authors, the CIA has been embarrassingly inept in penetrating—knows more about this supersecret outfit than anyone.

Reviewed by Paul W. Blackstock and Frank L. Schaf[6]

Marchetti and Marks, both experienced intelligence officers, combine in this book to disclose CIA political and espionage covert operations since the early 1950s. Prior to publication, the manuscript met with substantial opposition on the basis that it would “result in grove and irreparable injury to the interests of the United States.” The book was printed before a final censorship decision was made; it appeared with 168 blanks while 171 restored passages were printed in bold face for easy identification. The American Civil Liberties Union defended the manuscript against censorship. Since the publication of this unique book, CIA Director William E. Colby and President Gerald Ford have proposed that legislation be passed which would prevent the future publication of books by ex-intelligence officials, when such publication would be harmful to the protection of intelligence sources and methods. An annotation describing the contents of this book, which made bestseller lists during the summer of 1974, can be found in chapter 16.

Further Reviewed by Paul W. Blackstock and Frank L. Schaf[7]

Marchetti, a fourteen-year veteran who held various positions in the CIA including the position of executive assistant to the deputy director, and Marks, a former State Department intelligence analyst, have combined their experience and knowledge to disclose familiar and new details of the CIA’s operations since the early 1950s. The authors contend that since by the mid-1950s the outlook for successful espionage against the security barriers of the USSR was somewhat gloomy, and since the U-2 was already on the drawing boards as a means of high-altitude photographic penetration—a means of collection the authors conclude is expensive but worthwhile—the CIA changed the priorities of its clandestine services from espionage to covert political action and paramilitary operations as a direct weapon of the emerging cold war against the USSR, and an indirect one through operations against the USSR in the Third World countries. Marchetti and Marks provide fresh details on a number of covert operations and especially on the activities essential to the support of such operations. Some espionage operations are also described, plus an analysis of overall intelligence activities by function, organization, and budget. The publication of the book met with substantial opposition from the CIA and was printed before the final legal decisions on censorship were made. It appeared with 168 blanks varying in length from a few words to entire paragraphs. Another annotation for this book emphasizing the unique secrecy aspects is provided in chapter 8, section A.

CIA Reading List

The following is a reading list developed by the CIA. It is general in nature but is well worth the time to check each reference. Every book on this list will in time be researched and posted in this blog file. For now, I am attaching the entire list, and it will be updated with links from time to time.

Since the CIA and its activities are highly controversial (as all state-sponsored terrorism is, because of state denial) books about the CIA are written from diverse viewpoints. Some attempt to expose the nefarious activities of the CIA, some aim at an objective historical record of events and an assessment of the CIA’s role and some are attempts to whitewash the Agency. Most of the books below deal primarily with the CIA but some are concerned mainly with other topics and only partly concern the CIA (such as its Operation Phoenix assassination program in Vietnam).

CIA Reading List

The following is a reading list developed by the CIA. It is general in nature but is well worth the time to check each reference. Every book on this list will in time be researched and posted in this blog file. For now, I am attaching the entire list, and it will be updated with links from time to time.

(CIA list last updated April 2011)

This brief bibliography of intelligence literature provides a wide spectrum of views on intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency. The readings cover history, technology, opinion, and some of the key personalities associated with intelligence. The book lists offer the reader personal and academic views on intelligence, its role in national security, and the forces that have shaped it over the years.

This is not intended to be a complete list of works on intelligence, and it will be updated as needed. Inclusion of a work on the list does not imply endorsement by the US Government or any of its agencies or branches.

World War II & Before

Bath, Alan Harris (1998). Tracking The Axis Enemy : The Triumph of Anglo-American Naval Intelligence. Lawrence, KS : University Press of Kansas

Feis, William B. (2002). Grant’s Secret Service: The Intelligence War from Belmont to Appomattox. Lincoln, NE: U of Nebraska Press

Fishel, Edwin C. (1996). The Secret War for the Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

Holt, Thaddeus (2004). The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War. New York: Scribner

Katz, Barry M. (1989). Foreign Intelligence: Research and Analysis in the Office of Strategic Services 1942-1945

MacEachin, Douglas J. (1998). The Final Months of The War with Japan : Signals Intelligence, U.S. Invasion Planning, and the A-bomb Decision

Rose, P. K. (1999). Black Dispatches: Black American Contributions to Union Intelligence During the Civil War

Sebag-Montefiore, Hugh (2001). Enigma: The Battle for the Code. New York: John Wiley

Singh, Simon (1999). The Code Book: The Evolution of Secrecy from Mary, Queen of Scots to Quantum Cryptography. New York: Doubleday

Stephan, Robert W. (2004). Stalin’s Secret War: Soviet Counterintelligence Against the Nazis, 1941-1945.

Winks, Robin W. (1987). Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961

CIA & OSS History

Andrew, Christopher (1995). For the President’s Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush.

Cline, Ray S.(1981) The CIA under Reagan, Bush & Casey: The Evolution of The Agency From Roosevelt To Reagan

Darling, Arthur (1990). The Central Intelligence Agency: An Instrument of Government to 1950

Garthoff, Douglas F. (2005). Directors of Central Intelligence As Leaders of The U.S. Intelligence Community, 1946-2005.

Gup, Ted (2000). Book Of Honor: Covert Lives And Classified Deaths At The CIA

Leary, William M. (1984). The Central Intelligence Agency: History and Documents

Kessler, Ronald (2003). The CIA At War: Inside the Secret Campaign Against Terror

O’Toole, G. J. A. (1991). Honorable Treachery: A History of U. S. Intelligence, Espionage, and Covert Action from the American Revolution to the CIA

Ranelagh, John (1986). The Agency: The Rise and Decline of the CIA

Steury, Donald P. (1999). On the Front Lines of the Cold War: Documents on the Intelligence War in Berlin, 1946-1961

Troy, Thomas F. (1981). Donovan and the CIA: A History of the Establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency

Warner, Michael, ed. (1994). The CIA Under Harry Truman

Warner, Michael (2000). The Office of Strategic Services: America’s First Intelligence Agency

Westerfield, H. Bradford, Ed. (1995). Inside CIA’s Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency’s International Journal, 1955-1992

Biographies & Memoirs

Ashley, Clarence (2004). CIA Spymaster: George Kisevalter: The Agency’s Top Case Officer Who Handled Penkovsky And Popov

Bancroft, Mary (1983). Autobiography of a Spy

Cherkashin, Victory (2005) with Gregory Feifer. Spy Handler: Memoir of a KGB Officer. The True Story of the Man who recruited Robert Hanssen and Aldrich Ames

Clarridge, Duane R. (1997) with Digby Diehl. A Spy For All Seasons: My Life in the CIA.

Colby, William E. (1978) and Peter Forbath. Honorable Men: My Life in the CIA

Gates, Robert M. (2007). From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider’s Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War

Gilligan, Tom (2003). CIA Life: 10,000 Days With The Agency

Grose, Peter (1994). Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles

Helms, Richard (2003) with William Hood. A Look Over My Shoulder: A Life in the Central Intelligence Agency

Lilley, James R. (2004) with Jeffrey Lilley. China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage, And Diplomacy In Asia

Holm, Richard L. (2004). The American Agent: My Life in the CIA

Kahn, David (2004). The Reader of Gentlemen’s Mail: Herbert O. Yardley and the Birth of American Codebreaking

Kalugin, Oleg (2009). Spymaster: My Thirty-Two Years in Intelligence And Espionage Against The West

Kennon, Patrick E. (1995). The Twilight of Democracy

Mangold, Tom (1991). Cold Warrior: James Jesus Angleton: The CIA’s Master Spy Hunter

Mendez, Antonio J. (1999). The Master of Disguise: My Secret Life in the CIA

Montague, Ludwell Lee (1992). General Walter Bedell Smith As Director of Central Intelligence, October 1950-February 1953 with an introduction by Bruce D. Berkowitz and Allan E. Goodman

Paseman, Floyd L. (2004). A Spy’s Journey: A CIA Memoir

Persico, Joseph E. (1990). Casey: From the OSS to the CIA

Phillips, David Atlee (1977). The Night Watch: Careers in Secret Operation. New York: Atheneum

Powers, Thomas (1979). The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA

Prados, John(2003). Lost Crusader: The Secret Wars of CIA Director William Colby

Thomas, Evan (1995). The Very Best Men: Four Who Dared: The Early Years of the CIA

Tenet, George (2007). At The Center of The Storm: My Years At The CIA

Stansfield Turner (1985). Secrecy And Democracy: The CIA in Transition

Wolf, Markus (1997) with Anne McElvoy. Man Without A Face: The Autobiography of Communism’s Greatest Spymaster

Women in Intelligence

Blackman, Ann (2006). Wild Rose: The True Story of A Civil War Spy

Helm, Sarah (2005). A Life in Secrets: The Story of Vera Atkins And The Lost Agents of SOE

Lovell, Mary S. (1992). Cast No Shadow: The Life of the American Spy Who Changed the Course of World War II

Mahle, Melissa Boyle (2004).Denial and Deception: An Insider’s View of the CIA from Iran-Contra to 9/11

McIntosh, Elizabeth P. (1998). Sisterhood of Spies : The Women of The OSS

Pearson, Judith(2005, 2008). Wolves At The Door: The True Story of America’s Greatest Female Spy

Proctor, Tammy M. (2003). Female Intelligence: Women and Espionage in the First World War

Rossiter, Margaret L. (1986). Women in the Resistance. New York: Praeger

Varon, Elizabeth R.(2003). Southern Lady, Yankee Spy: The True Story of Elizabeth Van Lew, A Union Agent In The Heart Of The Confederacy

Operations: Counterintelligence

Earley, Pete (1997). Confessions of A Spy: The Real Story of Aldrich Ames

Johnson, William R. (2009). Thwarting Enemies at Home and Abroad: How to Be a Counterintelligence Officer

Lindsey, Robert (2002). The Falcon and the Snowman: A True Story of Friendship And Espionage

Martin, David C. (1980) Wilderness of Mirrors

Wise, David (1988). The Spy Who Got Away: The Inside Story of Edward Lee Howard, The CIA Agent Who Betrayed His Country’s Secrets And Escaped to Moscow

Wise, David (2003). Spy: The Inside Story of How the FBI’s Robert Hanssen Betrayed America

Operations: Espionage

Andrew, Christopher (1999) and Vasili Mitrokhin. The Sword And The Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive And The Secret History of The KGB

Andrew, Christopher (2005) and Vasili Mitrokhin. World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World

Bearden, Milton (2003) and James Risen. The Main Enemy: The Inside Story of the CIA’s Final Showdown with the KGB

Critchfield, James H. (2003). Partners at the Creation: The Men behind Postwar Germany’s Defense and Intelligence Establishments

Felix, Christopher (1992). A Short Course in The Secret War, 3rd ed

Hood, William (1982). Mole – The True Story of the First Russian Spy to Become an American Counterspy

Murphy, David E. (1997), Sergei A. Kondrashev, and George Bailey. Battleground Berlin: CIA vs. KGB in the Cold War

Rositzke, Harry August (1988). CIA’s Secret Operations: Espionage, Counterespionage, and Covert Action

Schecter, Jerrold L.(1992) and Peter S. Deriabin. The Spy Who Saved The World: How A Soviet Colonel Changed The Course of The Cold War

Weisner, Benjamin (2004). A Secret Life: The Polish Colonel, His Covert Mission, and the Price He Paid to Save His Country

Operations: Covert Action

Conboy, Kenneth J. (1999) and James Morrison. Feet to the Fire: CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957-1958

Conboy, Kenneth J.(2002) and James Morrison. The CIA’s Secret War in Tibet

Daugherty, William J. (2004). Executive Secrets: Covert Action And The Presidency

Godson, Roy (1996, 2001). Dirty Tricks or Trump Cards: U.S. Covert Action and Counterintelligence

Holober, Frank(1999). Raiders of the China Coast: CIA Covert Operations During the Korean War

Meyer, Cord (1982). Facing Reality: From World Federalism to the CIA

Prados, John (2009). Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA

Roosevelt, Kermit (1979). Countercoup: The Struggle for the Control of Iran

Sale, Richard T. (2009) .Clinton’s Secret Wars: The Evolution of a Commander in Chief

Tucker, Mike (2009) and Charles “Sam” Faddis. Operation Hotel California: The Clandestine War Inside Iraq

Analysis

Adams, Samuel (1994). War of Numbers: An Intelligence Memoir

Carol Dumaine (2005) and L. Sergio Germani, eds. New Frontiers of Intelligence Analysis: Shared Threats, Diverse Perspectives, New Communities

Fischer, Benjamin B. (1999). At Cold War’s End: U.S. Intelligence on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1989-1991

Ford, Harold P. (1998). CIA And The Vietnam Policymakers: Three Episodes 1962-1968

Haines, Gerald K. (2001) and Robert E. Leggett, eds. CIA’s Analysis of the Soviet Union 1947-1991

George, Roger Z.(2008) and James B. Bruce (eds.) Analyzing Intelligence: Origins, Obstacles, And Innovations

Helgerson, John L. (1996, 2004). Getting to Know the President: CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidates, 1952-2004

Heuer, Richards J., Jr. (1999). Psychology of Intelligence Analysis

Kent, Sherman (1966). Strategic Intelligence for American World Policy

Steury. Donald P. (1996) ed. Intentions And Capabilities: Estimates on Soviet Strategic Forces, 1950-1983

Steury, Donald P. (1994), ed. Sherman Kent and the Board of National Estimates: Collected Essays

Technology

Bamford, James (2002). Body of Secrets: Anatomy of the Ultra-Secret National Security Agency

Bamford, James (1982).The Puzzle Palace: Inside the National Security Agency, America’s Most Secret Intelligence Organization

Beschloss, Michael R. (1986). MAYDAY: Eisenhower, Khrushchev, and the U-2 Affair

Brugioni, Dino (1991). Eyeball to Eyeball: The Inside Story of the Cuban Missile Crisis

Burrows, William E. (1986). Deep Black: Space Espionage and National Security

Day, Dwayne A. (1998), John M. Logsdon, and Brian Latell, eds. Eye in the Sky: The Story of the Corona Spy Satellites

Melton, H. Keith (2009). Ultimate Spy: Inside the Secret World of Espionage: Expanded and Updated Edition

Melton, H. Keith (1993). CIA Special Weapons and Equipment: Spy Devices of the Cold War

Pedlow, Gregory W. (1998) and Donald E. Welzenbach. The CIA and the U-2 Program, 1954-1974

Pocock, Chris (2005).50 Years of the U-2: The Complete Illustrated History of the “Dragon Lady”

Rich, Ben R. (1884) with Leo Janos. Skunk Works: A Personal Memoir of My Years at Lockheed

Robarge, David Roba(2007). Archangel: CIA’s supersonic A-12 Reconnaissance Aircraft

Ruffner, Kevin (1995), ed. Corona : America’s First Satellite Program

Sonntag, Sherry (1998) and Christopher Drew with Annette Lawrence Drew. Blind Man’s Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage

Taubman, Philip(2003). Secret Empire: Eisenhower, the CIA, and the Hidden Story of America’s Space Espionage

War On Terrorism

Coll, Steve (2004). Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001

Kean, Thomas H. (2004) and Lee Hamilton, compliers. The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks. Also includes recommendations designed to guard against future attacks

Khalsa, Sundri (2004). Forecasting Terrorism: Indicators of Proven Analytic Techniques. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press

Lance, Peterd (2004). 1000 Years for Revenge: International Terrorism and the FBI – The Untold Story

Sageman, Marc (2004). Understanding Terror Networks

Schroen, Gary C. (2005). First In: An Insider’s Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan

Scheuer, Michael (2004). Imperial Hubris: Why The West Is Losing The War on Terror

Turner, Stansfield (1991). Terrorism and Democracy

Vidino, Lorenzo (2006), with a Foreword by Steven Emerson. Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad

General Interest

Alexander, Martin S. (1998). Knowing Your Friends: Intelligence Inside Alliances and Coalitions from 1914 to the Cold War

Andrew, Christopher (1991) and Oleg Gordievsky. KGB: The Inside Story of Its Foreign Operations from Lenin to Gorbachev

Barrett, David M. (2005). The CIA And Congress: The Untold Story from Truman to Kennedy

Berkowitz, Bruce D. C. (2002) and Allan F. Goodman. Best Truth: Intelligence in the Information Age

Berkowitz, Peter (2005), ed. The Future of American Intelligence

Dulles, Allen W. (2006). The Craft of Intelligence: America’s Legendary Spy Master on the Fundamentals of Intelligence Gathering for a Free World

Fialka, John J. (1997). War By Other Means: Economic Espionage in America

Johnson, Loch K. (2004) and James J. Wirtz, eds. Strategic Intelligence, Windows into a Secret World

Koch, Scott (1996) and Brian D. Fila “Our First Line of Defense”: Presidential Reflections on US Intelligence

Laqueur, Walter (1985). A World of Secrets: The Uses and Limits of Intelligence

Lowenthal, Mark M. (2009). Intelligence from Secrets to Policy (4th ed.)

Trepper, Leopold (1977). The Great Game: Memoirs of the Spy Hitler Couldn’t Silence

Count de Alexandre Marenches(1992) and David A. Andelman. The Fourth World War: Diplomacy and Espionage in the Age of Terrorism

Olsen, James M. (2006). Fair Play: The Moral Dilemmas of Spying

Riebling, Mark (1994). Wedge: The Secret War Between The FBI And CIA

Sims, Jennifer (2005) and Burton Gerber (eds). Transforming Intelligence

Snider, L. Britt. (2008). The Agency and the Hill: CIA’s Relations with Congress, 1946-2004

Theoharis, Athan (2006), Richard Immerman, Loch Johnson, Kathryn Olmsted, and John Prados. The Central Intelligence Agency: Security under Scrutiny

Weber, Ralph Edward (1999), ed. Spymasters: Ten CIA Officers in Their Own Words

Reference

Carlisle, Rodney P. (2006), ed. Encyclopedia of Intelligence and Counterintelligence (2 volumes)

Constantinides, George C. (1983). Intelligence and Espionage: An Analytical Bibliography

Lathrop, Charles E. (2004). The Literary Spy: The Ultimate Source for Quotations on Espionage and Intelligence

O’Toole, G.J.A. (1988) The Encyclopedia of American Intelligence and Espionage: From the Revolutionary War to the Present

Petersen, Neal H. (1992), American Intelligence, 1775-1990: A Bibliographical Guide

Pinck, Dan C. (2000), Geoffrey M.T. Jones, and Charles T. Pinck. Stalking the History of the Office of Strategic Services: An OSS Bibliography

Polmar, Norman (1997, 2004), and Thomas B. Allen, foreword by Nigel West. Spy Book: The Encyclopedia of Espionage

Bruce W. Watson (1990), Susan M. Watson, and Gerald W. Hopple, eds. United States Intelligence: An Encyclopedia

The Agency’s Family Jewels

Of the numerous skeletons in the CIA’s closet, few are more closely guarded than information about the many books the Agency covertly helped to publish during the first three decades of the Cold War. The Church Committee of the Senate, among its many other revelations, disclosed in 1976 that “well over a thousand books” had been produced, subsidized or sponsored by the CIA by 1967, with about 250 more from then to 1976. Many of the books were sold in the United States as well as abroad. Many researchers have filed Freedom of Information Act requests to obtain the names of these books, but to no avail. Continued efforts result in a message from the CIA stating:

“The Agency is unable to conduct a search for the records requested because we are unable to identify an Agency record system where records responsive to your request could reasonably be expected to be located.”

If I understand the English, they’re saying that they couldn’t find the records because they didn’t know where to look. Well, they might begin with the name of one of their frequently used publishers, Praeger (formerly F. A. Praeger), which put out half of the books in the following list of CIA-backed titles which have been revealed in one place or another over the years:

The Dynamics of Soviet Society by Walt Rostow; The New Class by Milovan Djilas; Concise History of the Communist Party by Robert A. Burton; The Foreign Aid Programs of the Soviet Bloc and Communist China by Kurt Muller; In Pursuit of World Order by Richard N. Gardner; Peking and People’s Wars by Major General Sam Griffith; The Yenan Way by Eudocio Ravines; Life and Death in Soviet Russia by Valentin Gonzalez; The Anthill by Suzanne Labin; The Politics of Struggle by James D. Atkinson; From Colonialism to Communism by Hoang Van Chi; Why Viet Nam? by Frank Trager; and Terror in Vietnam by Jay Mallin.

Another family jewel is Operation Gladio, the astounding terrorist campaign in Western Europe run by the CIA, NATO, and several European intelligence agencies for decades following World War II. What promises to be the bible on the subject has just appeared – Operation Gladio: NATO’s Top Secret Stay-Behind Armies and Terrorism in Western Europe, in English. The Swiss author, Daniele Ganser, is uniquely suited for the task, being a fluent reader of Italian, German, French and English, all the key languages of the Gladio documentation.

Adams, James (1995). Sellout: Aldrich Ames & the Corruption of the CIA

Adams,Samuel (1994). War of Numbers: An Intelligence Memoir

Agee, Phillip (1975). Inside the Company: A CIA Diary

Agee, Philip (1987). On The Run

Andrew, Christopher (1995). For the President’s Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush

Bain, Donald (2002). The CIA’s Control of Candy Jones. Fort Lee, NJ: Barricade

Blaufarb, Douglas S. (1977). The Counterinsurgency Era : U.S. Doctrine And Performance, 1950 To The Present

Blum, William (1995, 2008). Killing Hope: U.S. Military and C.I.A. Interventions Since World War II–Updated Through 2003

Blum, William (1986). The CIA: A Forgotten History

Blum, William (2000). Rogue State: A Guide to The World’s Only Superpower

Borosage, Robert L. (1976) and John Marks, eds. The CIA File

Brabner, Joyce (1989) (ed.) and Alan Moore. Brought to Light: A Graphic Docudrama. Two Books in One: Flashpoint—the La Penca Bombing/Shadowplay—the Secret Team

Brewton, Pete (1992).Mafia, CIA and George Bush.

Canning, Peter (1996). American Dreamers—Ther Wallaces and Reader’s Digest: An Insider’s Story

Castillo, Celerino (1992) and Dave Harmon. Powderburns: Cocaine, Contras & The Drug War

Chomsky, Noam (1991). Deterring Democracy

Chomsky, Noam (1988).The Culture of Terrorism

Chomsky, Noam (1992).What Uncle Sam Really Wantsi

Cline, Ray S. (1976, 1982). The CIA: Reality vs. Myth. Originally published as Secrets, Spies, And Scholars: Blueprint of The Essential CIA

Cockburn, Alexander (2010) and Jeffrey St. Clair. Whiteout : The CIA, Drugs, And The Press

Cockburn, Leslie (1987). Out of Control: The Story of The Reagan Administration’s Secret War In Nicaragua, The Illegal Arms Pipeline, And The Contra Drug Connection

Colby, William E. (1978) and Peter Forbath. Honorable Men: My Life in the CIA

Colby, William Egan (1989) with James McCargar. Lost Victory : A Firsthand Account of America’s Sixteen-Year Involvement In Vietnam

Collins, Anne (1988). In The Sleep Room: The Story of The CIA Brainwashing Experiments In Canada

Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars (1970). The IndoChina Story: A Fully Documented Account

Constantine, Alex (1997). Virtual Government : CIA Mind Control Operations in America

Corn, David (1994). Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA’S Crusades

Dinges, John (1991). Our Man in Panama: The Shrewd Rise And Brutal Fall of Manuel Noriega

Emerson, Steven (1988). Secret Warriors: Inside the Covert Military Operations of the Reagan Era

Epstein, Edward Jay (1991). Deception: The Invisible War Between the KGB & the CIA

Frazier, Howard (1979), editor. Uncloaking the CIA

Frost, Mike (1994) and Michael Gratton. Spyworld: Inside the American and Canadian Intelligence Establishments

Glick, Brian (1989). War at Home: Covert Action Against U.S. Activists And What We Can Do About It.

Grose, Peter (1994). Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles

Heidenry, John (1993). Theirs Was the Kingdom: Lila and Dewitt Wallace and the Story of the Reader’s Digest

Herman, Edward S. (1982). The Real Terror Network: Terrorism in Fact and Propaganda

Hinckle, Warren (1992), and William Turner. Deadly Secrets: The CIA and Mafia War against Castro and the Assassination of JFK

Honey, Martha (1985) and Tony Avirgan. La Penca: reporte de una investigación (On Trial in Costa Rica: The Cia Vs. The Press)

Hopsicker, Daniel (2001). Barry and “The Boys”: The CIA, The Mob And America’s Secret History

Howard, Edward Lee (1995). Safe House: The Compelling Memoirs of the Only CIA Spy to Seek Asylum In Russia

Johnson, Loch K. (1985). A Season of Inquiry: The Senate Intelligence Investigation

Johnson, Paul (1992). Modern Times: The World From The Twenties to The Nineties

Karnow, Stanley (1989). In Our Image: America’s Empire in the Philippines

Kruger, Henrik (1980). The Great Heroin Coup : Drugs, Intelligence and International Fascism

Kwitny, Jonathan (1987). The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money and the CIAhol

Lee, Martin A. (1985) and Bruce Shlain. Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion

Leveritt, Mara (1999).The Boys on the Tracks: Death, Denial, and a Mother’s Crusade to Bring Her Son’s Killers to Justice

Levine, Michael (1990). Deep Cover: The Inside Story of How DEA Infighting, Incompetence, And Subterfuge Lost Us The Biggest Battle Of The Drug War

Levine, Michael (1993) with Laura Kavenau-Levine. The Big White Lie: The CIA And The Cocaine/Crack Epidemic: An Undercover Odyssey

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[1] Constantinides, George C. (1983). Intelligence and Espionage: An Analytical Bibliography. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, pp. 313-314

[2] Colby, William E. (1978) and Peter Forbath. Honorable Men: My Life in the CIA. New York: Simon and Schuster

[3] Powers, Thomas (1979). The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA. New York: Alfred A. Knopf

[4] Defense Intelligence School (1981). Bibliography of Intelligence Literature: A Critical And Annotated Bibliography of Open-Source Literature (7th ed, rev.). Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence School, p. 43

[5] William Blum, Official website of the author, historian, and U.S. foreign policy critic.

[6] Blackstock, Paul W. (1978) and Frank L. Schaf, Jr. Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co., pp. 86-87

[7] Blackstock, Paul W. (1978) and Frank L. Schaf, Jr. Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co., p.

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3 Responses to The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence

  1. Pingback: Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage And Covert Operations | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

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