Espionage and Counterespionage, Chapter 14

Title:                      Espionage and Counterespionage, Chapter 14

Author:                 Paul W. Blackstock

Blackstock, Paul W. (1978) and Frank L. Schaf, Jr. “Chapter 14: “Espionage and Counterespionage,” Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit: Gale Research Co.

LCCN:    74011567

Z6724.I7 B55

Subjects

Intelligence service–Bibliography.

Espionage–Bibliography.

Subversive activities–Bibliography.

Date Updated:  March 21, 2017

Chapter 14 Espionage

  1. GENERAL SURVEYS

There are only a few serious or scholarly works which deal with espionage and counterespionage systematically and analytically, such as those by Bulloch, Burn, Deacon, Felix, and Masterman (see below). The literature consists for the most part of popular journalistic surveys of “espionage establishments” of several states, or books on the “secret services” of a single state such as the United States, the USSR, or Germany—the three countries on which there is an extensive but largely unreliable bibliography of books produced for political warfare purposes.

Burn, Michael (1970). The Debatable Land: A Study of The Motives of Spies In Two-Ages. London: Hamish Hamilton

A scholarly, brilliantly written survey of espionage during the Elizabethan age in England, followed by an analysis and comparison of the motives of spies then and in the post-World War II period. The only other analysis of such motives is in Christopher Felix, A Short Course In The Secret War[1] (see below). Burn’s work is an outstanding example of careful scholarship combined with a depth of analysis which is extremely rare in the literature on espionage.

Cobban, Alfred (1954). Ambassadors And Secret Agents: The Diplomacy of The First Earl of Malmesbury At The Hague. London: Jonathan Cape. [Reprinted: Westport, CT: Hyperion Press, 1979]

Copeland, Miles (1974). Without Cloak or Dagger: The Truth About The New Espionage. New York: Simon and Schuster

Felix, Christopher (1992). A Short Course in The Secret War, 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Madison Books

Gramont, Sanche de (1962). The Secret War: The Story of International Espionage Since World War II. G. P. Putnam’s Sons

Hagen, Louis (1968). The Secret War For Europe: A Dossier Of Espionage. London: Macdonald

Ind, Allison (1963). A Short History of Espionage. [New York: D. McKay Co. LCCN: 63011581] See Ind, Allison (1965). A History of Modern Espionage. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Ind, Allison (1965). A History of Modern Espionage. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Rowan, Richard Wilmer (1937). The Story of Secret Service. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran

Seth, Ronald (1963). Anatomy of Spying. New York: Dutton

Singer, Kurt D. (1948, 1970), ed. Three Thousand Years of Espionage: An Anthology of the World’s Greatest Spy Stories. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press

  1. ANTHOLOGIES OF SPY STORIES

There are literally scores of anthologies of the “great, true spy stories” category, and new collections appear whenever journalists who specialize in the genre can find a publisher. Those selected for listing here are among the best known, and are representative of the better collections, Actually, such general surveys of espionage as those of Richard Rowan, The Story of Secret Service[2], or Kurt Singer, Three Thousand Years of Espionage[3], both listed above in Section A, are essentially collections of spy stories.

Chartham, Robert (1962). The World of Espionage. London: Souvenir Press

Hinchley, Vernon (1965). Spies Who Never Were. New York: Dodd, Mead

  1. General Anthologies

Dulles, Allen W., ed. (1968). Great True Spy Stories. New York: Harper & Row

Wighton, Charles (1962, 1965). The World’s Greatest Spies; True-Life Dramas of Outstanding Secret Agents. New York: Taplinger Pub. Co.

  1. Women in Espionage

History has had its famous women spies, some of whom hove directly or indirectly altered events through their secret service activities. Others, like Mata Hari, have merely established a false but persistent image that has altered the way people look at the idea of women in espionage. However, it was during the late thirties and World War II that the turning point arrived for women in intelligence, for it was during this period that for the first time significant numbers of women were utilized as field operatives and as research and analysis specialists and administrators in intelligence organization headquarters. In the field, some seemed well suited to act as network couriers, cut-outs or contacts, and radio operators (see chapter 8 of Alexander Foote’s Handbook for Spies[4], cited in section D of this chapter), while others were agents or informants. Regardless of their role, they took the high risks involved. Michael R.D. Foot in his SOE In France[5] (see chapter 17, section A) stated that twelve of the fifty-three women agents parachuted or infiltrated by boat into France by SOE were executed in German concentration camps. As an example of recognition of their work, the East German government issued a set of commemorative postage stamps in honor of the martyrs of the Red Orchestra (ROTE KAPELLE) network, and women members were pictured on several of the stamps. Few accounts of women’s contribution to the research and analysis side of intelligence exist in the literature of World War II. However, Constance Babington-Smith’s Air Spy: The Story of Photo Intelligence in World War II[6] is one fine example (see chapter 10, section A).

In a postwar development that might be considered utilizing the best of both worlds, the Soviets seem to have encouraged husband and wife espionage teams. Examples are Ethel and Julius Rosenberg of the atomic weapons espionage case, Helen and Peter Kroger of the Portland England naval secrets case (see Bulloch and Miller, Spy Ring: A Story Of The Naval Secrets Case[7], cited in chapter 10, section A), and Evodkia and Vladimir Petrov who operated in Australia.

The day of full equality for women in intelligence has not yet arrived. However, the male conservative intelligence planners, personnel managers, and recruiters who hold that women have no place as field agents because of a supposed tendency to risk security for emotional entanglements are now fewer in number, and those who remain have less and less evidence to support their views. For women In the research and analysis side of intelligence the day of equality is nearer—newer, approved personnel career programs acknowledge and accept them in these roles. William E. Colby, head of the overall U.S. intelligence community as director of Central Intelligence and also head of the Central Intelligence Agency, has expressed a desire to see the number of women as professional intelligence officers rise sharply.

Fourcade, Marie-Madeleine (1973, 1991). Noah’s Ark: A Memoir of Struggle And Resistance. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life

Hoehling, A. A. (1967). Women Who Spied. New York: Dodd, Mead

Hutton, J. Bernard (1972). Women in Espionage. New York: Macmillan

Singer, Kurt D. (1951). The World’s 30 Greatest Women Spies. New York, W. Funk

Spiro, Edward (Edward H. Cookridge) (1959). Sisters of Delilah: Stories of Famous Women Spies. London: Oldbourne

  1. THE UNITED STATES

Because of its classified nature, there are few serious books in English dealing primarily with U.S. espionage. Material on the subject is scattered throughout the general literature on the intelligence agencies and espionage establishments of the great powers and in memoirs of former agents. For reference to nearly 600 Soviet works in Russian on the CIA see chapter 4, section B1.

Agee, Phillip (1975). Inside the Company: A CIA Diary. New York: Stonehill

Ford, Corey (1970). Donovan of OSS. New York: Little, Brown

Hunt, E. Howard (1974). Undercover: Memoirs of An American Secret Agent. New York: Berkley Pub. Corp.

Murphy, Robert D. (1964). Diplomat among Warriors. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Penkovsky, Oleg (1965). The Penkovsky Papers: Introd. and Commentary by Frank Gibney. Foreword by Edward Crankshaw. Translated by Peter Deriabin Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Zacharias, Ellis M. (1946, 2003). Secret Missions: The Story of An Intelligence Officer. Annapolis, Md. : Naval Institute Press

  1. THE SOVIET UNION
  2. General Surveys

Soviet intelligence agencies have traditionally concentrated on clandestine collection (espionage) as a major source of information. For this reason, with the exception of Alexander Orlov’s Handbook of Intelligence and Guerrilla Warfare[8] (see chapter 4, section 82), most books dealing with Soviet intelligence are in fact studies of Soviet espionage, and are for the most part highly unreliable, sensationalized journalistic exposes published for political warfare purposes during the Cold War or post-Cold War periods. There are some authors who have exploited this lucrative field of journalism by writing several books each, going over much of the same material each time, rewritten or updated to include recent “revelations.”

Dallin, David J. (1955). Soviet Espionage. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press

Deacon, Richard (1972) [pseud .]. A History of The Russian Secret Service. London: Muller

Deriabin, Piotr (1959) and Frank Gibney. The Secret World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Huss, Pierre J. (1965) and George Carpozi. Red Spies in the UN. New York: Coward-McCann

Noel-Baker, Francis Edward (1955). The Spy Web. New York: Vanguard Press

Seth, Ronald (1965). Unmaskedl The Story of Soviet Espionage. New York, Hawthorn Books

Spiro, Edward [Edward H. Cookridge, pseud] (1955). The Net That Covers The World. New York: Henry Holt

  1. Survey Articles

Heiman, Leo. “Cloak-and-Dagger Literature behind the Iron Curtain.” East Europe (14, January 1965, pp. 54-56.)

See next item .

Slusser, Robert M. “Recent Soviet Books on the History of the Secret Service.” Slavic Review (24, March 1965,pp. 90-98.)

Both articles [this one and the one by Heiman, above] describe Soviet publicizing of the activities of secret intelligence services in the public press and literature. During this campaign, which began in 1964, Sorge, the East German ROTE KAPPELLE members, Abel, and others surfaced and were honored.

U.S. Congress. Senate (1975). Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Communist Bloc Intelligence Activities in The United States: Hearing. 94th Cong., 1st sess., 18 November 1975.

This report contains the testimony of Josef Froik, who for seventeen years before his defection to the CJA in 1969 was a senior member of the Czechoslovakian intelligence service. The witness describes in detail the organization of the various Czechoslovakian intelligence services and confirms the domination of these services by the Soviet KGB. Frolik provides details on many of the “dirty tricks” operations conducted against the United States by the Czechoslovakian service. Also detailed ore the U.S. government organizations which are targets of Communist bloc intelligence and “dirty tricks.”

  1. Memoirs and Biographies

Bernikow, Louise (1951, 1970). Abel. New York: Trident.

Deakin, F. W. (1966) and G. R. Storry. The Case of Richard Sorge. New York, Harper & Row

Krivitsky, Walter G. (1939, 1979). In Stalin’s Secret Service: An Exposé Of Russia’s Secret Policies By The Former Chief Of The Soviet Intelligence In Western Europe. Westport, CT: Hyperion Press

Gouzenko, Igor (1948, 1968). This Was My Choice. Montreal: Palm Publishers (Published in the U.S. as The Iron Curtain)

Granovsky, Anatoli (1962). I Was an NKVD Agent. New York: Devlin-Adair

Kaznacheev, Alexander (1962). Inside a Soviet Embassy: Experiences of a Russian Diplomat in Burma. Philadelphia: Lippincott

Lonsdale, Gordon (1965). Spy: Twenty Years of Secret Service: Memoirs of Gordon Lonsdale. New York: Hawthorn Books

Monat, Pawel (1962) with John Dille. Spy in the U.S. New York: Harper & Row

Newman, Bernard (1954). The Sosnowski Affair: Inquest on a Spy. London: W. Laurie

Page, Bruce (1968), David Leitch, and Phillip Knightley. The Philby Conspiracy. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Petrov, Vladimir (1956) and Evdokia Petrov. Empire of Fear. New York: Praeger

Philby, Kim (1968). My Silent War: The Soviet Master Spy’s Own Story with an introduction by Graham Greene. London: MacGibbon & Kee

Poretsky, Elisabeth K. (1969, 1970). Our Own People: A Memoir of “Ignace Reiss” and His Friends. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press

Purdy, Anthony (1963) and Douglas Sutherland. Burgess and Maclean. London: Secker & Warburg

Whiteside, Thomas (1967). An Agent in Place: The Wennerström Affair. London: Heinemann

  1. GREAT BRITAIN
  2. General Surveys

Deacon, Richard [pseud.] (1970) . A History of The British Secret Service. New York: Taplinger

Read, Conyers (1925, 1978). Mr. Secretary Walshingham And The Policy of Queen Elizabeth. 3 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (1925); New York: AMS Press (1978)

Richings, Mildred Gladys (1935). Espionage: The Story of The Secret Service of The English Crown. London, Hutchinson & Co., Ltd

Hutton, J. Bernard (1960). Frogman Spy: The Incredible Case of Commander Crabb: New York: McDowell, Obolensky

Hyde, H. Montgomery (1962). Room 3603: The Incredible True Story of Secret Intelligence Operations During World War II. Guilford, DE: The Lyons Press (republished 2002)

Lockhart, Robin Bruce (1967, 1984). Reilly: Ace of Spies. New York: Penguin Books

Nicholson, Leslie Arthur [John Whitwell] (1966). British Agent. London, Kimber

Penkovsky, Oleg (1965). The Penkovsky Papers: Introd. and Commentary by Frank Gibney. Foreword by Edward Crankshaw. Translated by Peter Deriabin Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Reilly, Sidney George (1932, 2014). Adventures of A British Master Spy: The Memoirs of Sidney Reilly. London: Biteback Publishing

Scotland, A. P. (1959). The London Cage. London, Landsborough Publications

Stevenson, William (1976). A Man Called Intrepid: The Secret War. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

Toyne, John (1962). Win Time for Us. Toronto: Longmans

Walker, David E. (1957). Lunch With A Stranger. New York: Norton

Wighton, Charles (1959). Pin-Stripe Saboteur: The Story Of “Robin”, British Agent and French. London: Odhams Press

Wynne, Greville (1968). Contact on Gorky Street: A British Agent’s Own First-Hand Account of His Mission to Moscow. New York: Atheneum

Young, Desmond (1963). Rutland of Jutland. London, Cassell

  1. GERMANY

Höhne, Heinz (1979). Canaris. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Gehlen, Reinhard (1972). The Service: The Memoirs of General Reinhard Gehlen. New York: World Pub.

Höhne, Heinz (1972) and Zolling, Hermann. The General Was A Spy: The Truth About General Gehlen And His Spy Ring. New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, 1972

Manvell, Roger (1969) and Heinrich Fraenkel. The Canaris Conspiracy: The Secret Resistance to Hitler in the German Army. New York: McKay

Schellenberg, Walter (1956, 2000). The Labyrinth: Memoirs of Walter Schellenberg, Hitler’s Chief of Counterintelligence. Boulder, CO: Da Capo Press

Spiro, Edward [Cookridge E. H.] (1971). Gehlen: Spy of The Century. London: Hodder and Stoughton

Wighton, Charles (1958) and Günter Peis. Hitler’s Spies and Saboteurs: The Sensational Story of Nazi Espionage in the U.S. & Other Allied Nations. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston

  1. THE HISTORY OF ESPIONAGE
  2. Before 1914
  3. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 1775-63

Bakeless, John (1959, 1998). Turncoats, Traitors, And Heroes. New York, NY: Da Capo Press

Foley, Rae [pseud.] (1962). Famous American Spies. New York: Dodd, Mead

Ford, Corey (1965). A Peculiar Service. Boston: Little, Brown

Lengyel, Cornel Adam (1960). I, Benedict Arnold: The Anatomy of Treason. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Pennypacker, Morton (1939, 2005). General Washington’s Spies on Long Island And in New York. Cranbury, NJ : Scholar’s Bookshelf

Van Doren, Carl (1941, 1973). Secret History of The American Revolution: an account of the conspiracies of Benedict Arnold and numerous others, drawn from the Secret Service papers of the British headquarters in North America, now for the first time examined and made public. Clifton, NJ: A. M. Kelley

  1. The French Revolution And Napoleonic Wars, 1789-1815

Fouche, Joseph (1824, 1967, 1993). Mémoires Complets Et Authentjques de Joseph Fouche, Ministre De La Police Generale. D’apres L’edltion Originale de 1824. Paris: J. de Bonnot. Paris: Arléa: Diffusion Le Seuil

Gosselin, Louis Leon Theodore (1924). Two Royalist Spies of The French Revolution. London: T. F. Unwin, ltd

Savant, Jean (1957). Les espions de Napoléon. Paris: Hachette

  1. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, 1861-65

Bakeless, John (1970, 1997). Spies of The Confederacy. Mineola, NY : Dover Publications

Baker, La Fayette C. (1867,1973). History of the U.S. Secret Service. New York: AMS Press

Boyd, Belle (1865). Belle Boyd In Camp And Prison, Written By Herself. New York: Blelock

Bulloch, James Dunwody (1884, 1959, 2001). The Secret Service of The Confederate States In Europe, Or, How The Confederate Cruisers Were Equipped. New York: Modern Library

Foster, G. Allen (1963). The Eyes And Ears of The Civil War. New York: Criterion Books

Horan, James David (1954). Confederate Agent: A Discovery in History. New York: Crown Publishers

Kane, Harnett T. (1954). Spies for the Blue and Grey. Garden City, NJ: Hanover House

Pinkerton, Allan (1883). The Spy of The Rebellion; being a true history of the spy system of the United States Army during the late rebellion. Revealing many secrets of the war hitherto not made public. Comp. from official reports prepared for President Lincoln, General McClellan and the provost-marshal-general. New York, G.W. Carleton & Co.

Stern, Philip Van Doren (1959). Secret Missions of The Civil War: First Hand Accounts By Men And Women Who Risked Their Lives in Underground Activities for The North And The South. Chicago: Rand McNally

  1. World War I and the lnterwar Period

Agar, Augustus (1963). Baltic Episode: A Classic of Secret Service in Russian Waters. London: Hodder and Stoughton

Asprey, Robert B. (1959). Panther’s Feast. New York: Putnam

Boucard, Robert (1940). The Secret Services of Europe. London: Stanley Paul and Co.

Bywater, Hector (1931) and H. C. Ferraby. Strange Intelligence: Memoirs of Naval Secret Service. London: Constable

Dukes, Sir Paul (1938). The Story of “St25”: Adventure And Romance In The Secret Intelligence Service In Red Russia. London: Cassell

Graves, Armgaard Karl, pseud (1915). The Secrets of The German War Office. London: T. W. Laurie, ltd.

Hahn, James Emanuel (1930). The Intelligence Service Within The Canadian Corps, 1914-1918. Toronto: Macmillan Co. of Canada

Landau, Henry (1937). The Enemy Within: The Inside Story of German Sabotage in America. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons

Nicolai, W. (Walther) (1924). The German Secret Service. London: S. Paul

Rowan, Richard Wilmer (1949). Secret Agents Against America: Reveals the Sensational Inside Story of Foreign Espionage & Sabotage America. New York: Doubleday, Doran

Seth, Ronald (1966). The Spy Who Wasn’t Caught: The Story of Julius Silber. London: Hale

Steinhauer, Gustav (1930), S. T. Felstead, ed. Steinhauer, The Kaiser’s Master Spy; the story as told by himself. London: John Lane

Sweeney, Walter Campbell (1924). Military Intelligence, A New Weapon in War. New York: Frederick A. Stokes company

Wild, Max (1932). Secret Service on The Russian Front. New York: G. P. Putnam’s sons

  1. Espionage in World War II

Each war produces a rich harvest of spy stories and semibiographical works of agents employed in various intelligence and .counterintelligence services, For example, there have been many books written on German secret services in World War II, probably because Germany lost the war and thus no security limitations have acted to hold down the number of exposes. However, many of the postwar revelations from all countries can be considered partly fictitious. During World War II, nevertheless, there were some outstanding espionage networks, such as the Soviet-controlled Red Orchestra network that operated in Germany itself and in occupied France and Belgium, and the Rado-Rossler (“Lucy”) network that operated from Switzerland. There were also several unprecedented counterespionage operations. One was the so-called Double-Cross (XX) System, by which British counterespionage (M. I.5) controlled most German agents sent to England; another was the German counterintelligence-operated North Pole system in which all British agents who parachuted into Holland were controlled or neutralized. Finally, both the .British Special Operations Executive (SOE) and its American counterpart the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) engaged in some espionage and counterespionage activities, although the primary mission of both agencies was to “set Europe ablaze” and to organize anti-Nazi resistance movements. These strategic services may best be classed as covert operations and are Iisted under that category rather than under the history of espionage in World War II.

  1. GENERAL WORKS AND MEMOIRS

Books on intelligence in World War II abound throughout this bibliography. Only a few additional titles are added here.

Cave Brown, Anthony (1976). Bodyguard of Lies. London: W. H. Allen

Farago, Ladislas (1971). The Game of the Foxes: The Untold Story of German Espionage in the U.S. & Great Britain During World War II. New York: David McKay Co.

Jordan, George Racey (1952) with Richard L. Stoke. From Major Jordan’s Diaries. New York: Harcourt, Brace

Piekalkiewicz, Janusz (1973, 1974). Secret Agents, Spies And Saboteurs: Famous Undercover Missions of World War II. New York: William Morrow

Renault-Roulier, Gilbert [pseud. Rémy] (1948). Memoirs of A Secret Agent of Free France. New York: Whittlesey House

Trefousse, Hans L. “The Failure of German Intelligence in the United States, 1935-1945.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review (42, June 1955, pp. 84-100).

An excellent summary of Germen espionage attempts at U .S targets during the period from 1935 to 1945, Stresses the ineptness and utter failure of these attempts, plus an account of hew intelligence was either rejected or misused in decision making by Hitler and the Nazi elite. Based on trial records, diplomatic memoirs, and interrogation reports.

Wighton, Charles (1958) and Günter Peis. Hitler’s Spies and Saboteurs: The Sensational Story of Nazi Espionage in the U.S. & Other Allied Nations. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston

  1. SOVIET-CONTROLLED NETWORKS (RADO-ROSSLER AND THE RED ORCHESTRA)

Accoce, Pierre (1966) and Pierre Quet. A Man Called Lucy: 1939-1945. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc.

Foote, Alexander (1964). Handbook for Spies. London: Museum Press

Höhne, Heinz (1971). Codeword: Direktor: The Story of the Red Orchestra. New York: Coward, McCann, and Geoghegan

Perrault, Gilles (1967, 1989). The Red Orchestra: The Anatomy of the Most Successful Spy Ring of World War II (translated by Peter Wiles). New York: Schocken Books

Trepper, Leopold (1977). The Great Game: Memoirs of the Spy Hitler Couldn’t Silence. New York: McGraw-Hill

  1. SELECTED ESPIONAGE FICTION

The best general critique of espionage fiction is “A Short History of the Spy Story,” chapter 16 of Julian Symons’ Mortal Consequences: A History—From The Detective Story To The Crime Novel[9]. Symons, himself the author of more than a dozen crime novels, distinguishes between spy stories and “thrillers,” and argues that “the spy story awed its existence to awareness of the threat to national security implied in professionally organized spying, and also to the slow realization that the spy’s activities may be both intricate and dangerous.” He cites James Fenimore Cooper’s novel, The Spy[10], as the first example of the genre, followed by Joseph Conrad’s The Secret Agent[11] (1907) and Under Western Eyes[12] (1911).

A main criterion used for selection here is literary value, and the principal authority used is Julian Symons. For this reason the twenty-odd expionage novels of William (Tufnell) Le Queux (1864-1927) have been excluded in spite of their historical importance since, according to Symons, “the stories are atrociously written and full of padding, although obviously based on considerable knowledge of military and political affairs.” For similar reasons only five of the forty-odd novels of E. Howard Hunt, ex-CIA officer and a principal figure in the Watergate break-in, have been included. Here, however, another aspect of spy fiction becomes apparent: How many of the spy stories of the Cold War period were sponsored by intelligence organizations of the United States or Great Britain in order to keep the business of espionage before the public eye, or to indicate the “threat” of Soviet intelligence?

However, other criteria for selection have also been used. For example, novels have been included which provide same additional insight into intelligence tradecraft. Woodhouse’s Tree Frog[13] and Bush Baby[14] have been written around the idea of the use of new technological sensors in intelligence surveillance and collection. Included also are examples of the work of experienced journalists-turned-spy-novelists, since they show a remarkable knowledge of foreign areas. For example, a foreign correspondent and Southeast Asia specialist named Collingwood wrote The Defector[15], a provocative account of the Vietnam War, while ex-war correspondent Tregaskis, author of Vietnam Diary and Guadacanal Diary, wrote China Bomb[16], a novel about an intelligence operation aimed at destroying China’s only hydrogen bomb. Leon Uris, successful as a novelist with a facility for blending historical facts with readable fiction, wrote Topaz[17] on the basis of information provided by ex-French intelligence officer Pierre L. Thyraud de Vosio (see de Vosjoli’s Lamia[18], cited in chapter 4, section E). Added also is the spy novel Saving The Queen[19] by successful journalist William F. Buckley who drew on his experience in England and the U.S. government, and perhaps on his reported service with the CIA in his earlier years, to describe the activities of a young CIA agent’s first mission which leads to extraordinary events at the Court of St. James. Hard to categorize, but interesting nonetheless, is the recent novel The Company[20], about CIA-White House scuffling over suppressed reports on political assassination, by President Nixon’s former assistant John Ehrlichman.

Then, of course, there are the novels written by experienced intelligence officers themselves. E. Howard Hunt has already been mentioned. Ian Fleming, creator of James Bond, was a British naval intelligence officer during World War II, but not a field operator, as James Bond’s exploits might suggest. Victor Marchetti, author of The Rope Dancer[21], was a CIA officer at the agency’s headquarters in McLean, Virginia, for fourteen years before he gave it up and began writing (see Marchetti and Marks’s The Cia And The Cult of Intelligence[22], cited in chapter 16).

The works of many of the authors are filled with romance, sex, danger, violence, and political intrigue, which is not, on the whole, representative of everyday espionage, although partially indicative of field intelligence during the Cold War, which was pointed of covert action rather than information collection. Such fiction has an increasingly large and very loyal reading public. That they are well served is evidenced by the regular appearance of espionage and international intrigue novels on the best seller lists.

The books are listed without annotation, and in the case of authors with two or more’. titles to their credit, in chronological order.

Ambler, Eric (1939, 1996). A Coffin for Dimitrios. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers

Ambler, Eric (1938). Epitaph For A Spy. London: Hodder and Stoughton

Ambler, Eric (1956). State of Siege. New York: Knopf

Ambler, Eric (1967). Dirty Story: A Further Account of The Life And Adventures of Arthur Abdel Simpson. London, Sydney [etc.]: Bodley Head

Ambler, Eric (1969, 1986). The Intercom Conspiracy. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux

Behn, Noel (1966). The Kremlin Letter. New York: Simon and Schuster

Behn, Noe (1969). The Shadowboxer. New York: Simon and Schuster

Buchan, John (1915, 2008). Greenmantle. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press

Buchan, John (1915, 1935). The Thirty-Nine Steps. London: W. Blackwood & Sons

Buckley, William F., Jr. (1976, 1978, 2005). Saving The Queen: A Blackford Oakes Novel. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House

Clark, William (1968, 1969). Special Relationship. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

Collingwood, Charles (1969, 1970).The Defector. New York, Harper & Row

Conrad, Joseph (1907, 2007). The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale. New York: New American Library

Conrad, Joseph (1911, 1025). Under Western Eyes. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page & Co.

Deighton, Len (1962). The IPCRESS File. New York, Simon and Schuster

Le Carré, John [pseud. for David John More Cornwall] (1962, 2102). Call for the Dead. New York : Penguin Books

Deighton, Len (1963). Horse Under Water. London: J. Cape

Deighton, Len (1964). Funeral in Berlin. New York: Putnam

Deighton, Len (1966). The Billion Dollar Brain. New York: Putnam

Deighton, Len (1974). Spy Story. London: Cape

Deighton, Len (1975). Yesterday’s Spy. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

Deighton, Len (1976). Catch a Falling Spy. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovan

Ehrlichman, John (1976). The Company. New York: Simon and Schuster

Fleming, Ian (1954). Casino Royale. New York, Macmillan

Fleming, Ian (1957, 1981). From Russia with Love. Geneva: Edito-Service

Forsyth, Frederick (1971). The Day of the Jackal. New York, Viking Press

Greene, Graham (1939). The Confidential Agent. New York, The Viking press

Greene, Graham (1940). The Power and the Glory. London ; Toronto : W. Heinemann

Greene, Graham (1955, 2004). The Quiet American. New York : Penguin Books

Greene, Graham (1958, 2007). Our Man in Havana. New York: Penguin

Haggard, William [pseud. for Richard Henry Michael] (1958). Slow Burner. Boston: Little, Brown

Higgins, Jack (1975). The Eagle Has Landed. London: Collins

Hunt, E. Howard (1942). East of Farewell. New York: A. A. Knopf

Hunt, E. Howard (1944). Limit of Darkness. New York: Random House

Hunt, E. Howard (1947). Stranger in Town. New York, Random House

Hunt, E. Howard (1948). Maelstrom. New York: Farrar, Straus

Hunt, E. Howard (1949). Bimini Run. New York: Farrar, Straus

Innes, Michael (1941) [pseud. for John Innes MacKintosh Stewart]. The Secret Vanguard. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company

Innes, Michael (1949) [pseud. for John Innes MacKintosh Stewart]. The Case of The Journeying Boy. New York: Dodd, Mead

Innes, Michael (1951) [pseud. for John Innes MacKintosh Stewart]. The Paper Thunderbolt. New York: Dodd, Mead

Lancaster, Bruce (1952). The Secret Road. Boston, Little, Brown

Le Carré, John (1964). The Spy Who Came In From The Cold. New York: Coward-McCann

Le Carré, John (1965). The Looking–Glass War. London, Heinemann

Le Carré, John (1968, 2013). A Small Town in Germany. New York: Penguin Books

Le Carré, John (1974). Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy. London: Hodder and Stoughton

Lee, John (1976). The Ninth Man. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Littell, Robert (1973). The Defection of A. J. Lewinter. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin

MacInnes, Helen (1941, 2007). Above Suspicion. Pleasantville, NY: IM Press

MacInnes, Helen (1942, 2013). Assignment in Brittany. London: Titan Books

MacInnes, Helen (1969, 2012). The Salzburg Connection. London : Titan Books

MacInnes, Helen (1971). Message from Malaga. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

MacInnes, Helen (1974, 2013). Snare of The Hunter. London : Titan Books

MacInnes, Helen (2013). Agent in Place. London: Titan Books

MacLean, Alistair (1957). The Guns of Navarone. London: Collins

MacLean, Alistair (1960, 1967). Ice Station Zebra. London:Collins

MacLean, Alistair (1967).Where Eagles Dare. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

MacLean, Alistair (1969). Puppet on a Chain. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

MacLean, Alistair (1975). Circus. London: Collins

Marchetti, Victor (1971). The Rope Dancer. New York: Grosset & Dunlap

Mason, Francis van Wyck (1941). The Man from G-2: Three of Major North’s Most Important Adventures. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock

Mason, F. van Wyck (1963). Zanzibar Intrigue. Garden City, NY: Doubleday,

Maugham, W. Somerset (1941). Ashenden: The British Agent. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co.

Oppenheim, E. Phillips (1938, 1940). The Spymaster. New York: The Sun Dial Press

Sinclair, Upton (1944). Presidential Agent. New York: The Viking Press

Sinclair, Upton (1947). Presidential Mission. New York: The Viking Press

Starnes, Richard (1967). Requiem in Utopia. New York: Trident Press

Tregaskis, Richard (1967). China Bomb. New York, Washburn

Trevanian (1972) [pseud. Rodney William Whitaker]. The Eiger Sanction. New York: Crown Publishers

Trevanian (1973) [pseud. Rodney William Whitaker]. The Loo Sanction. New York: Crown Publishers

Uris, Leon (1967). Topaz. New York, McGraw-Hill

Woodhouse, Martin (1966). Tree Frog. New York, Coward-McCann

Woodhouse, Martin (1968). Bush Baby. New York: Coward-McCann

Wylie, Philip (1969). The Spy Who Spoke Porpoise. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday

[1] Felix, Christopher (1992). A Short Course in The Secret War, 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Madison Books

[2] Rowan, Richard Wilmer (1937). The Story of Secret Service. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran

[3] Singer, Kurt D. (1948, 1970), ed. Three Thousand Years of Espionage: An Anthology of the World’s Greatest Spy Stories. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press

[4] Foote, Alexander (1964). Handbook for Spies. London: Museum Press

[5] Foot, M.R.D. (1966). SOE In France: An Account of The Work of British Special Operations Executive in France 1940-1944. London:H.M. Stationery Off

[6] Babington-Smith, Constance (1957). Air Spy: The Story of Photo Intelligence In World War II. New York: Harper and Bros.

[7] Bulloch, John (1961) and Henry Miller. Spy Ring: The Full Story of The Naval Secrets Case. London: Secker and Warburg

[8] Orlov, Alexander (1963). Handbook of Intelligence And Guerrilla Warfare. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Dallin, David J. (1955). Soviet Espionage. New Haven, CT: Yale University PressPress

[9] Symons, Julian (1972). Mortal Consequences: A History From The Detective Story to The Crime Novel. New York: Harper & Row

[10] Cooper, James Fenimore (1821, 1936). The Spy. New York: Saalfield Pub. Co.

[11] Conrad, Joseph (1907, 2007). The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale. New York: New American Library

[12] Conrad, Joseph (1911, 1025). Under Western Eyes. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page & Co.

[13] Woodhouse, Martin (1966). Tree Frog. New York, Coward-McCann

[14] Woodhouse, Martin (1968). Bush Baby. New York: Coward-McCann

[15] Collingwood, Charles (1969, 1970).The Defector. New York, Harper & Row

[16] Tregaskis, Richard (1967). China Bomb. New York, Washburn

[17] Uris, Leon (1967). Topaz. New York, McGraw-Hill

[18] De Vosjoli, P. L. Thyraud (1970). Lamia. Boston: Little, Brown

[19] Buckley, William F., Jr. (1976, 1978, 2005). Saving The Queen: A Blackford Oakes Novel. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House

[20] Ehrlichman, John (1976). The Company. New York: Simon and Schuster

[21] Marchetti, Victor (1971). The Rope Dancer. New York: Grosset & Dunlap

[22] Marchetti, Victor (1990) and John D. Marks. The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence. New York: Knopf

 

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One Response to Espionage and Counterespionage, Chapter 14

  1. Pingback: Intelligence, Espionage, Counterespionage, And Covert Operations, Part III | Intelligence Analysis and Reporting

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