Title: Handbook of European Intelligence Cultures
Author: Bob de Graaff
De Graaff, Bob (2016) and James M. Nyce with Chelsea Locke, editors. Handbook of European Intelligence Cultures. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education, A division of Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
JF1525.I6 G72 2016
Date Posted: May 3, 2017
Reviewed in The Intelligencer
National intelligence cultures are shaped by their country’s history and environment. Featuring 32 countries (such as Albania, Belgium, Croatia, Norway, Latvia, Montenegro), the work provides insight into a number of rarely discussed national intelligence agencies for comparative study, offering hard-to-find information in one volume. In their chapters, the contributors, all experts from the countries discussed, address the intelligence community rather than focus on a single agency. They examine the environment in which an organization operates, its actors, and cultural and ideological climate, to cover both the external and internal factors that influence a nation’s intelligence community.
 The Intelligencer (22, 2, Fall 2016, p. 141).